We remain open to provide care for your pets. We are following the direction of government and regulatory authorities and have implemented hospital and visit protocols to keep both you and our team safe. For regular updates on our hours and visit protocols, please follow our social media platforms.

Do Animals Have Emotions?

Today, most scientists agree that all vertebrate animals — mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish — are, to varying degrees, sentient.

This capacity to feel encompasses a universe of positive and negative physical and emotional experiences. A recent bill passed in Quebec calls animals ‘sentient beings’ instead of property and includes jail time for cruelty.

Even goldfish don’t escape the proposed rules. Although this perspective wasn’t always popular the collection of evidence we now have makes it impossible to dismiss. Prestigious scientific journals publish essays on joy in rats, grief in elephants and empathy in mice and no one blinks. The Latest edition of National Geographic (on stands until 01/11/19) is completely devoted to animals and their minds, what they think, feel and know.

The question scientists explore today is not whether animals have emotions but why animal emotions have evolved as adaptations in numerous species. They seem to serve as a social glue to bond animals with each another and somehow regulate a varied range of social encounters among friends and foes.

Although we cannot know for certain what an animal is feeling (for that matter, we cannot know for certain what another human is feeling), we can observe changes in behaviour and physiology and infer emotions. We often hear of animals experiencing or showing signs of fear or anxiety during thunderstorms for example, or after being separated from an owner, or grief after the loss of a loved one be it a pet companion or bonded human.

It is important to let your Veterinarian know of any behaviour changes as they may be symptoms of what your pet is feeling emotionally or physically.

What dogs are teaching us about animal cognition?

Because they are so expressive and responsive to us, domestic dogs have become the darlings of research on animal cognition and emotion.

At the Clever Dog Lab at the University of Vienna, you can watch a dog select symbols on a computer screen by touching it with his nose. In another room, dogs place their heads on a chin-rest to watch images projected on a computer screen. These are not purpose-bred “lab dogs,” but happy pets recruited for the studies. The chin-rest apparatus has been used to show that dogs, like us, glance first to the left side of a human face, where our bilateral brains display more emotion. Thus, dogs get a quick read of our moods and intentions. This all happens in a fraction of a second, and like us, dogs probably are unaware they are doing it. The wag of a dog’s tail also contains subtle cues to their moods. Led by Giorgio Vallortigara of the University of Trento, Italian researchers found that dogs remained relaxed when they saw films of dogs whose tails were wagging predominantly to the right, but they became anxious if the tail wagged more to the left.

At Emory University, scientists are using positive reinforcement to train pet dogs to remain motionless inside an fMRI (Functional magnetic resonance machine), allowing scientists to monitor brain activity while the dogs react to visual stimuli. Preliminary studies show brain reward centers light up when dogs see a hand signal that is normally followed by something good (a food treat), but not for a neutral hand signal. Similarly, when presented with five scents (self, familiar human, strange human, familiar dog, strange dog), dogs’ brains registered the strongest delight in response to the familiar human. It appears the notion that the dog is “man’s best friend” cuts both ways. We use positive reinforcement as much as possible during your furry family members visit our hospital whether it be in the form of treats or tone of voice we want them to be as comfortable as possible during their time with us.

Perhaps more predictably, baboons also have lasting emotional states. Following the death of an infant, baboon mothers show physiological and behavioural responses that mirror those of bereft women. Glucocorticoid hormones — associated with grief in humans — rise and take a month to subside again, and the bereaved mother monkey seeks therapy by expanding her social network through increased grooming interactions with other baboons.

Body temperature provides yet another window into feelings. Human body temperatures rise when we are nervous or anxious about an approaching event, such as an exam or a competition. A rat, handled by an unfamiliar person, gets warmer by 1° Celsius or more. If the same person returns to handle the rat over successive days, the rat’s thermal response declines, and by about day five, her body temperature stops rising altogether. If, however, a new handler shows up on the sixth day, the rat’s body temperature rises again, indicating that her temperature changes are psychologically based. This so-called emotional fever has also been documented in turtles and lizards.

Written by: College Manor Veterinary Hospital

Category:

Blog

dog eating chocolate

Play It Pet Safe

Have you ever bought a plant to decorate for the holidays or dropped a vitamin accidentally? As these things do happen and can cause a potential pet poison risk, it is important to be informed as a preventative measure.

Read More
See All Articles

COVID-19: Additional measures we are taking

Dear Clients,

Due to the close contact that our work requires, we have taken additional measures to protect you and our team while providing care for your furry family members.

Last updated: Tuesday, May 19, 2020

1. We are currently operating a “closed waiting room” policy to protect our clients and staff. When you arrive, please remain in your vehicle and use your cell phone to call us at 905.853.4706. We will take a history from outside of your vehicle, and bring your pet into the clinic for an examination with the veterinarian. We will then return to your vehicle with your pet to discuss our recommended treatment plan.

2. We can now see all cases by appointment only.

3. We are still OPEN with the following hours:
Monday - Wednesday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm
Thursday: 9:00 am - 6:00 pm
Friday: 9:00 am - 4:00 pm
Saturday: 9:00am - 1:00pm
Sunday: Closed

4. If you are ordering food or medications, please allow 2-4 business days as our suppliers are dealing with increased demand and are trying to fill orders as quickly as possible. We will advise you as soon as your order arrives. Please call us when you arrive to pick up your order, but do not enter the hospital. Our staff will bring your order to your car and take payment over the phone.

You can also use our online store and have your food delivered directly to your home. To sign up, visit our website.

Note: Due to the continued health precautions recommended by Health Canada, we have elected to discontinue 'in clinic' pick-ups for items ordered via our Webstore including both medications and food with immediate effect. The delivery option is extremely flexible and they will deliver to your place of work, home, cottage or wherever you choose.

5. For the time being, we are not accepting cash as payment. Credit cards and debit card payments are still available.

6. Online consultations are now available! If you wish to connect with a veterinarian via message, phone or video, visit our website and follow the "Online Consultation" link.

Following the recommendations of our government and medical experts, we are doing our best to practice social distancing within the constraints of our roles. As such, we have taken measures to avoid both contracting and facilitating the spread of this virus.

Thank you for helping us be diligent for everyone's safety. As we have heard from all levels of government, the situation is fluid and any updates will be provided as changes occur.

Your dedicated team at College Manor Veterinary Hospital